Slokas of Sri Ramodantam: With Summary in English
Valmiki Ramayana, as we all know, consists of 24000 verses written in Sanskrit by Sage Valmiki. There are other works on the life and deeds of Sri Rama in other languages like the Kamba Ramayanam in Tamil and the Ramacharitamanas of Goswamy Tulsidas in Awadhi. In the 15th century, one Parameshwara Kavi has composed in just 200 verses in Sanskrit, the seven chapters of the Ramayana that was written by sage Valmiki. This is Sri Ramodantam.
In Sri Ramodantam, the author has presented the entire Ramayana in a very simple format. Termed as a Lagukavya, a minor poetical composition, this is generally prescribed as a study material for the beginners in Sanskrit language. It is a remarkable composition because of its brevity and simplicity.
The term Sriramodantam is composed of two words ‘Srirama’ and ‘Udantam’ meaning ‘the story of Srirama’. Just like the Valmiki Ramayan, it has seven chapters called as Kandas starting from Bala Kanda and ending with Uttara Kanda.
Kalidasa’s Meghadhuta (With a brief annotation in English)
The Meghadhuta also known as Meghasandesam is one of the beautiful works of Kalidasa. It is a poem in Sanskrit Language consisting of 117 verses.
The ideas contained in this poem is simple but romantic. Alaka is a mountain in the Himalayas. The god of wealth, Kubera is the king of this place. He has a group of divine attendants working for him. These attendants are known as Yakshas. One of these Yakshas was very much smitten and obsessed with his wife. Hence, he ignored his duties. Kubera, therefore, cursed him and banished him into the woods on planet Earth. The Yaksha came to a mountainous place called Ramagiri in India and was residing in an ashram there.
The Yaksha spent several months on the mountain. Thoroughly dejected, the love-lorn Yaksha keeps thinking about his wife. His wife also keeps thinking about him all day and all night. It is the time of monsoon. The Yaksha sees a rain cloud passing by. He requests the cloud to carry a message to his wife. The Yaksha then starts to describe the route that the cloud should take to meet his lover. This forms the crux of the verses of this poem.
The works of Kalidasa are synonymous with the beauty of nature, lyrical poetry, dramatic stories, great heroes and sensuous heroines. The Meghadhuta focusses mainly on sensual love and the beauty of nature. Kalidasa’s genius lies in making these two subjects flow into each other in this work.
Read and enjoy the beauty of this poem.