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Ode to a Nightingale.
A Brief Summary of John Keat’s
‘Ode to a Nightingale’

The "Ode to a Nightingale" is one of the beautiful poems of John Keats. One day in a forest area the poet hears a beautiful song of the nightingale bird. This provokes him to ponder over the matters relating to human mortality, the nature of the world, human sufferings etc. The poem explores the relationship between two different types of life. On the one hand, there is the human life. It is filled with sorrow. On the other hand, there is nature represented by the nightingale. The opposition between two different types of life is outlined from the very beginning of the poem. The poet perceives the song of the bird as a kind of eternal perfection, a beauty created by nature that humankind, for all its efforts and strife, struggles to match. It appears as though the poem seeks to question whether nature—represented by the nightingale and its song—represents a kind of beauty greater than anything that humans can make, a beauty that is more pure and eternal. The poet weighs up the possible beauty of poetry against the overwhelming natural beauty of the nightingale’s song but could not find a satisfactory answer. 

Elegy written in a county churchyard.
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard

This poem of Thomas Gray titled “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” is one of the beautiful poems in English literature. The poet sees a country churchyard at sunset, which impels him to meditate on the nature of human mortality. He considers the fact that in death, there is no difference between great and common people. He feels that among the lowly people buried in the churchyard there might have been some natural poets like John Milton or politicians like Oliver Cromwell. Just like some rarest gems buried in the deep sea and the finest flowers spreading their fragrance in a forest, these great people might not have been discovered at all. This thought leads him to praise these dead unsophisticated poor villagers for the honest and simple lives that they lived. The poem has been presented along with a brief annotation. 

Ode on the intimations of Immortality.
Ode: Intimations of Immortality from
Recollections of Early Childhood

William Wordsworth is one of the greatest poets of English Literature. This poem 'Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood' is often considered as one of Wordsworth's greatest masterpieces. Here, he explores some of the themes that always inspired him, namely his childhood, the memories, the beauties of nature, and the human soul. In this audio book, the poem has been analysed with a brief annotation with relevant quotations from the original text. The main poem has also been narrated.

by Alfred Lord Tennyson

Alfred Lord Tennyson is one of the greatest poets of English Literature. Ulysses is one of his great works. The legendary Greek hero, Odysseus was the king of Ithaca. He was known to Romans as Ulysses. He fought a victorious war against the city of Troy with the Greeks. He fought many battles as a young man and spent ten years battling in the siege of Troy. Tennyson’s dramatic monologue “Ulysses” tells what the aging hero thinks after he returns home after that victory over Troy. The poem tells us about the search for adventure in human beings that makes their lives worth living. Tennyson projects an adventurer who is not ready to settle even at his old age and always yearns for more and more adventure.

A few poems of William Wordsworth.
A few short poems
of William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth is one of the greatest poets of English literature. He is remembered as a poet who was concerned with the relationship of human beings to nature. He strongly believed in using the vocabulary and speech patterns of common people in his poems. According to him, human beings who grow up in the lap of Nature are perfect in every respect. Love for nature and sympathy for the common man are the major themes in his poetry. Wordsworth’s poetry is synonymous with the unique landscape of the English Lake District. In this audio book, the author has presented eight short poems of William Wordsworth.

The Man in Black.
'The Man in Black' by Oliver Goldsmith
(With a Brief Introduction)

Oliver Goldsmith was a famous English writer. Among his writings is a prose collection of essays titled “The Citizen of the World”. The “The Man in Black” is a piece of writing from this collection of essays. In this essay, Goldsmith makes a mockery of the then contemporary society. He attacks the social and political situation that dominated during Anglo-Saxon period in England. Goldsmith subtly discourages some of the deficiencies of the then society through this article. Through this writing he mocks at the society for exhibiting the trend of showing ‘what you are not’. In a subtle way he ridicules the pretentiousness of the society by portraying a contrasting character. The Man in Black is a character created by Goldsmith for this purpose. The mockery of the then society is exhibited through a routine walk and conversation between the Man in Black and his friend. The Man in Black is a very interesting character. He is inconsistent. He does not practice what he preaches. He is a kind, sympathetic, and genial person with a compassionate heart. Outwardly, however, he seems unkind, looking like a rude, curt, and stern person. This is in contrast with his inner personality. Goldsmith is mentioning this man as the ‘Man in Black’ because this man seems black outside but white and noble inside.

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